# What is the value of R 5 5?

Table of Contents

## What is the value of R 5 5?

Brendan and Vigleik write “The actual value of R(5, 5) is widely believed to be 43, because a lot of computer resources have been expended in an unsuccessful attempt to construct a Ramsey (5,5)-graph of order 43.”

**How are Ramsey numbers calculated?**

A Ramsey Number, written as n = R(r, b), is the smallest integer n such that the 2-colored graph Kn, using the colors red and blue for edges, implies a red monochromatic subgraph Kr or a blue monochromatic subgraph Kb. [1] 5 Page 6 There are a couple things to note about this definition.

### What is the value of Ramsey Number R 3?

There are (up to symmetries) only two non-trivial multicolour Ramsey numbers for which the exact value is known, namely R(3, 3, 3) = 17 and R(3, 3, 4) = 30.

**What is the value of Ramsey number R 2 N?**

Combining the above two results we get that R(n,2) = n. By symmetry of R(s, t) and R(t, s), we also get that R(2,n) = n. The easiest non-trivial case is the number R(3,3). It states that in a party of that many people, there are either 3 that know each other, or 3 that do not know each other.

## What is Ramsey theory used for?

This paper attempts to show that Ramsey theory really does have useful applications, by presenting four applications from the literature. The applications are from the fields of communications, information retrieval in computer science, and decisionmaking.

**What is r in graph theory?**

In the matrix theory of graphs the rank r of an undirected graph is defined as the rank of its adjacency matrix.

### Why are Ramsey numbers so hard to calculate?

Ramsey numbers are hard to calculate because the complexity of a graph increases dramatically as you add vertices. For a graph with six vertices and two colors, you can run through all the possibilities by hand. But for a graph with 40 vertices, there are 2780 ways of applying two colors.

**How is tree 3 calculated?**

With two seed colors, you can build three trees before you build one that contains a previous tree. So TREE(2) = 3. You might be able to guess where it goes from here. When you play the game with three seed colors, the resulting number, TREE(3), is incomprehensibly enormous.

## How do I create a network in R?

Creating a network with R

- Load the required libraries.
- Create a list of random nodes. We will use the name as the unique id for each node.
- Create a links table. We will select the start and endpoints of each link at random from our nodes list.
- Plot our network.
- Add attributes to the plot.

**What is node and edge?**

The nodes represent different entities (e.g. proteins or genes in biological networks), and edges convey information about the links between the nodes.

### What is a graph in math?

Definition: Graph is a mathematical representation of a network and it describes the relationship between lines and points. A graph consists of some points and lines between them. The length of the lines and position of the points do not matter. Each object in a graph is called a node.