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Can the pope make anyone a cardinal?

Can the pope make anyone a cardinal?

Pope Pius IX made him a cardinal in 1858 and Mertel died in 1899. In 1917, a revision of the church’s Code of Canon Law decreed that only priests and bishops could be made cardinals, and a subsequent update in 1983 said that anyone made a cardinal must become a bishop as well.

Who can appoint a cardinal?

The pope alone appoints or creates cardinals in the three orders of cardinal bishop, cardinal priest, and cardinal deacon—all of whom are bishops in accordance with the ruling of John XXIII—by announcing their names before the College of Cardinals in a private consistory (a meeting of ecclesiastics, especially the …

How many cardinals does the pope need?

In 1975 he limited the number of cardinal electors to 120. Though this remains the theoretical limit, all of his successors have exceeded it for short periods of time.

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Can Deacons become cardinals?

In fact, however, the position of cardinal is not an order to which one can be ordained; rather, a cardinal is simply an elector of the pope and the title is an honorific office in the Church independent of the priesthood. Some were ordained deacons or priests and some were not.

Are cardinals elected or appointed?

Cardinals summoned to Rome. Popes are chosen by the College of Cardinals, the Church’s most senior officials, who are appointed by the Pope and usually ordained bishops. They are summoned to a meeting at the Vatican which is followed by the Papal election – or Conclave.

Are Cardinals elected or appointed?

How many Cardinals has Pope Francis installed?

He has created 101 cardinals from 58 countries, 19 of which had never been represented in the College of Cardinals, and the first Scandinavian since the Reformation. Following the 2020 consistory, 73 of the cardinal electors had been appointed by Francis, 39 by Pope Benedict XVI, and 16 by Pope John Paul II.

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What is the difference between a cardinal deacon and a cardinal priest?

Often called “the pope’s cabinet,” cardinal deacons also work full-time in the curia. The senior cardinal deacon has the honor of ceremoniously announcing the newly elected pope from the balcony of the Vatican. Cardinal priests are bishops who serve in dioceses outside Rome.

How are Catholic cardinals appointed?

What is the role of a cardinal?

Cardinals are bishops and Vatican officials from all over the world, personally chosen by the pope, recognizeable by their distinctive red vestments. Their primary responsibility is to elect a new pope. Following a vacancy in the papacy, the cardinals hold a series of meetings at the Vatican called general congregations.

What happens when the pope dies or resigns?

When a pope dies or resigns, the governance of the CatholicChurch passes to the College of Cardinals. Cardinals are bishops and Vatican officials from all over the world, personally chosen by the pope, recognizeable by their distinctive red vestments.

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What is the role of the cardinal electors?

They are known as the cardinal electors, and their number is limited to 120. For the conclave itself, the cardinal electors process to the Sistine Chapel and take an oath of absolute secrecy before sealing the doors.