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What was Hong Kong called under British rule?

What was Hong Kong called under British rule?

Hong Kong, now referred to as British Hong Kong, was a colony and dependent territory of the British Empire from 1841 to 1997, apart from a brief period under Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945….British Hong Kong.

Hong Kong 香港
• Convention of Peking 18 October 1860
• Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory 9 June 1898

Why is Hong Kong treated as a separate state to China?

Hong Kong exists as a Special Administrative Region controlled by The People’s Republic of China and enjoys its own limited autonomy as defined by the Basic Law. The principle of “one country, two systems” allows for the coexistence of socialism and capitalism under “one country,” which is mainland China.

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What happened to Hong Kong under British rule?

Britain occupied the island of Hong Kong on 25 January 1841 and used it as a military staging point. China was defeated and was forced to cede Hong Kong in the Treaty of Nanking signed on 29 August 1842. The island became a Crown Colony of the British Empire.

Why did the British rule Hong Kong?

Opium Wars The First Opium War lasted from 1839 to 1842. Britain invaded the Chinese mainland and occupied the island of Hong Kong on Jan. China lost the war and had to cede Hong Kong to Britain in the Treaty of Nanking. As a result, Hong Kong became a crown colony of the British Empire.

How long was Hong Kong under British rule?

Hong Kong–a small peninsula and group of islands jutting out from China’s Kwangtung province–was leased by China to Great Britain in 1898 for 99 years. In 1839, in the First Opium War, Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its interference in the country’s economic, social, and political affairs.

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How did Hong Kong get ceded to Britain?

The 1841 Convention of Chuenpi between Britain and China ceded Hong Kong to Britain. At the end of the First Opium War, the 1844 Treaty of Nanking confirmed the cession. Hong Kong first came under Chinese rule during the Qin Dynasty in the third century B.C., and it remained a part of the Chinese Empire for about 2,000 years.

How long has Hong Kong been under Chinese rule?

Hong Kong first came under Chinese rule during the Qin Dynasty in the third century B.C., and it remained a part of the Chinese Empire for about 2,000 years.

What led to Hong Kong’s unusual relationship with China?

And in 2019 protests erupted in Hong Kong over a proposed bill to allow extradition to mainland China. Here’s a look back at what led to Hong Kong’s unusual relationship with China. The 1841 Convention of Chuenpi between Britain and China ceded Hong Kong to Britain.

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Why did Britain invade Hong Kong in 1839?

In 1839, in the First Opium War, Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its interference in the country’s economic, social, and political affairs. One of Britain’s first acts of war was to occupy Hong Kong, a sparsely inhabited island off the coast of southeast China.