Miscellaneous

Is electric potential in the same direction as electric field?

Is electric potential in the same direction as electric field?

This tells us that electric potential decreases in the direction of the electric field lines. A positive charge, if free to move in an electric field, will move from a high potential point to a low potential point.

What is the direction of electric field in terms of potential?

Therefore the electric field at a point is equal to the negative gradient of the electric potential at that point. The negative sign indicates that the direction of E is always in the direction of decreased potential. Hence, we can say that, In the direction of electric field, the electric potential decreases.

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What is the difference between Electric potential and Electric potential difference?

Electric Potential is the work done per unit charge in order to bring the charge from infinity to a point in electric field while Electric potential difference is the Potential developed while moving a charge from one point to another in the field itself.

Is Electric potential and electric potential energy the same?

Electric Potential – It is the workdone required to bring a unit positive charge from infinity to any point A on electric field. Electric Potential Energy – It is the workdone required to bring any amount of charge from any point A to some point B in electric field.

Why potential always decreases in the direction of electric field?

As you go closer, they both will repel and make it difficult to get closer. This means as you go against the electric field, the potential increases and if you go in the direction of Electric field, the potential decreases.

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Why does the electric potential not vary in direction perpendicular to the electric field?

Because no work is done on the charge being moved.

Does electric potential have a direction?

Potential energy is a scalar quantity, so a potential energy field is a scalar field. It has a magnitude everywhere in space, but does not have direction.

How are electric potential and electric field similar How are they different?

1. Electric field is described as the amount of force per charge while the Electric potential is described as the amount of energy or work per charge. 3. Electric field is a vector quantity while Electric potential is a scalar quantity.

Is electric potential and potential difference same class 10?

CBSE NCERT Notes Class 10 Physics Electricity. Electric potential is the work done per unit charge in bringing the charge from infinity to that point against electrostatic force. In a conductor, electrons flow only when there is a difference in electric pressure at its ends. This is also called potential difference.

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Why does the electric potential not vary in a direction perpendicular to the electric field?

As Electric field is perpendicular to displacement so value of angle between electric field and displacement is substituted as 90° and cos 90°=0. The velocity component in it’s initial direction will remain unchanged.