Who was president of India during the 42nd constitutional amendment?

Who was president of India during the 42nd constitutional amendment?

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was the President of India when the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution was passed. The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee that was constituted by the Government.

What is the constitutional position of the President of India?

Powers and duties. Under the draft constitution the President occupies the same position as the King under the English Constitution. He is the head of the state but not of the Executive. He represents the Nation but does not rule the Nation.

Is the President of India bound to follow the advice of the Prime Minister?

The 42nd Amendment (1976) made it explicit that the President shall, “act in accordance with such advice”. The amendment went into effect from 3 January 1977. But if the Council of Ministers sends the same advice again to the President then the President must accept it. The amendment went into effect from 20 June 1979.

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Which Amendment in the Indian Constitution nullified the 42nd Amendment?

The 43rd and 44th Amendments repealed the 42nd Amendment’s provision that Directive Principles take precedence over Fundamental Rights, and also curbed Parliament’s power to legislate against “anti-national activities”.

Why is 42nd amendment called the mini Constitution?

The 42nd amendment was a wide ranging amendment affecting large parts of the constitution. The amendment made changes to the Preamble, to the seventh schedule of the Constitution, and to 53 articles of the constitution. Due to these voluminous changes in the Constituion, 42nd amendment was called a mini constitution.

Which Indian President was unopposed?

Presidential election of 1977 Reddy was elected unopposed, the only President to be elected thus, after being unanimously supported by all political parties including the opposition Congress party. At 64, he became the youngest ever person to be elected President of India.

What is the position of president in the executive?

The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress.

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What is the position of president in the executive class 8?

The President appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts. The President also appoints the Governors of States, Chief Election Commissioner and other important officers. The President is the commander-in- chief of the armed forces. Decisions regarding war and peace are made by the President.

Who advises the President of India?

the Prime Minister
All executive power is vested in the President of India. The Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister aids and advises the President who exercises his powers in accordance to such advice. Article 87 of the constitution provides two instances when the President specially addresses both Houses of Parliament.

Who called the 42nd amendment as mini Constitution?

Indira Gandhi
42nd Amendment of Indian Constitution for UPSC – Indian Polity. 42nd Amendment Act, 1976 is one of the most important amendments to the Indian Constitution. It was enacted by the Indian National Congress headed by Indira Gandhi then.

How many Dpsp are there?

DPSP for UPSC Prelims
What is its full form? Directive Principles of State Policy
How many articles are under DPSP? Article 36-51 belong to DPSP
Which part in Indian Constitution deals with DPSP? Part-IV belongs to DPSP
How many types of DPSPs are there? There are three types: 1. Socialist 2. Gandhian 3. Liberal-Intellectual
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What is the 42nd Amendment of the Indian Constitution?

The 42nd amendment of the indian constitution also changed articles 358 and 359 of the constitution were amended, to allow suspension of Fundamental Rights and suspension of enforcement of any of the rights conferred by the Constitution during an Emergency.

What is Article 74 of the Indian Constitution?

Article 74 of the Constitution says that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advice the President of India who shall, in the exercise of his functions, will act in accordance with such advice.

When did the 42nd Amendment come into effect?

The 42nd amendment of the constitution was enacted by the Indira Gandhi government in the year 1976. This amendment is also known as “The Constitution Act 1976”. This amendment brought the most widespread changes to the Constitution history. The provisions of the 42nd amendment came into effect on 3 January 1977. What is a constitutional amendment?

How has the Indian constitution changed over the years?

The Constitution of India decides the rule of the land and is taken as the supreme law of the land. The constituent assembly that was behind formulating our Constitution has also given scope for amendments in it with time. Hence, the Indian Constitution of what it is today has undergone substantive changes on account of several amendments.