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Why 2-stroke engines are used in ships?

Why 2-stroke engines are used in ships?

When a ship is being constructed in a shipyard, the most important machinery that is to be selected is the main propulsion machinery. A two-stroke engine can burn low-grade fuel oil and hence reduce the running cost of the ship.

Why must a two-stroke engine always have an intake pressure boost?

Two-stroke engines that require forced induction are diesels. In a diesel engine, you need high pressure to achieve ignition. A blower helps you to get enough air in quickly enough. You also need enough air to force out remaining combustion products from the previous power stroke (this is called scavenging).

What are the advantages and disadvantages of 2 and 4-stroke engines?

Because 2-stroke engines are designed to run at a higher RPM, they also tend to wear out faster; a 4-stroke engine is generally more durable. That being said, 2-stroke engines are more powerful. Two-stroke engines are a much simpler design, making them easier to fix. They do not have valves, but rather ports.

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What is the difference between the 2 and 4-stroke engines?

The main difference between a 4-stroke engine and a 2-stroke engine is that a 4-stroke engine goes through four stages, or two complete revolutions, to complete one power stroke, while a 2-stroke engine goes through 2 stages, or one complete revolution, to complete one power stroke.

How does a marine 2 stroke engine work?

The two-stroke cycle is completed in two strokes of the piston or one revolution of the crankshaft. The piston is solidly connected to a piston rod which is attached to a crosshead bearing at the other end. The top end of the connecting rod is also joined to the crosshead bearing.

How does the main engine importance to the ship and why?

Main, or propulsion, engines are used to turn the ship’s propeller and move the ship through the water. They typically burn diesel oil or heavy fuel oil, and may be able to switch between the two.

Are two stroke engines more fuel efficient?

Compared to four stroke engines, two strokes are lighter, more efficient, have the ability to use lower-grade fuel, and more cost-efficient. Therefore, the lighter engines results in a higher power-to-weight ratio (more power for less weight).

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Why are 2-stroke engines banned?

Answer: Two-strokes left the market because they could not meet steadily-tightening EPA standards for vehicle exhaust emissions. A four-stroke engine has a separate piston stroke for each of the four functions necessary to a spark-ignition engine: intake, compression, power, and exhaust.

Why and why not two stroke cycle engines is better over four stroke cycle engines?

“Typically, 2-stroke engines rev up to higher speeds than 4-stroke engines, and this accounts for much of the higher power per pound,” Parish says. “Also, small 2-stroke engines use intake and exhaust ports instead of valves, thus saving the weight and cost of a valve train.

Which is faster 2-stroke or four-stroke?

However, two-stroke parts are notoriously cheaper than four-stroke. Two-stroke engine bikes are lighter and faster bikes that have an intense kick to the motor. Two-strokes also require more frequent shifting, but riders can get a faster top speed with more power.

What is the purpose of supercharging the engine?

supercharger, in piston-type internal-combustion engines, air compressor or blower used to increase the intake manifold pressure of the engine. Higher pressure increases the mass of air drawn into the cylinders by the pumping action of the pistons during each intake stroke.

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What are the different types of turbocharging in marine engines?

Types of Turbocharging In Marine Engine There are two types of turbocharging Constant pressure type and Pulse type turbocharging Constant Pressure Type Turbocharging > In this type of turbocharging, from each cylinder exhaust gas leads to common manifold, from the manifold it goes to the turbine at a constant pressure.

Why are two-stroke engines difficult to pressure charge?

TWO-STROKE ENGINES Compared with four-stroke engines, the application of pressure charging to two-stroke engines is more complicated because, until a certain level of speed and power is reached, the turboblower is not self-supporting.

How does a constant pressure turbocharger work?

Constant Pressure System Turbocharging Exhaust gas from all cylinders into a common large manifold where pulse energy is largely dissipated. The gas flow will steady rather than intermittent and at a constant pressure at turbine inlet. Turbocharger Arrangement in Constant Pressure System

What are the advantages and disadvantages of pulse type turbocharging?

Must Read:> Why Pulse type turbochargers are used in auxiliary engines. Advantages of Pulse type turbocharging. > Good performance of frequent load change. > Good turbine acceleration at startup. > No additional blowers required. > No exhaust manifold required. Disadvantages of Pulse type turbocharging. > Complicated Exhaust piping.