What is Shikhar style temple?

What is Shikhar style temple?

shikhara, (Sanskrit: “mountain peak”) also spelled shikara, also called shikar, in North Indian temple architecture, the superstructure, tower, or spire above the sanctuary and also above the pillared mandapas (porches or halls); it is the most dominant and characteristic feature of the Hindu temple in the north.

What is the reason behind building temples?

Most temples were created to address a particular aspect of life and were thus consecrated to activate one or two particular chakras, the main energy centers within the human system. The main deity was often complemented by one or more minor deities carefully positioned along the path of approach to the main deity.

In which style of temple architecture is the Shikhar similar in the shape to the pyramid?

the Dravidian style prevalent in southern India : The equivalent of the shikhara is the vimana.

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Which temple is built in Shikhar style of architecture?

Krishna mandir
Krishna mandir is situated in the Durbar square area of Patan. This temple was built by Malla King Sidhhinarsingha in 16th Century. This temple is considered as the masterpiece of Shikhar style temple in Nepal.

Who introduced stupa architecture in Nepal?

Emperor Ashoka
The Stupa Style Believed to have been introduced by Emperor Ashoka in Nepal, this style is said to represent the five elements of Buddhism, namely, Earth, water, fire, air and space.

What are the salient features of traditional Nepalese architecture?

The architecture of our country is explicitly religious and majestic art. Like other art, Nepali architecture is noted for its originality and magnificence. The architecture of Nepal is divided into Pagoda, Stupa and Summit style, where all of them are different and original styles.

Why are temples pointed?

First It is visible from too far distance. Second, The conical shape always created a lot of energy. Whenever the Ghanta (Bell) has been started, It creates a sound along with the special type of magnetic field, energy. That energy must not be wasted, hence conical shape has structured in all temples.

What is the science behind Indian architecture?

It is a science of temple proportions derived from the ancient Indian scriptures called the Shilpa Shastra. In simple terms, the system uses the human body with its chakras and is used as a proportion for the placement of the elements in the temple.

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What is the main difference between the Nagara and Dravida styles of temple design?

Difference between Nagara and Dravidian Style of Temple Architecture

Nagara Style of Temple Architecture Dravidian Style of Temple Architecture
Nagara Style has multiple Shikharas The Dravidian style has 1 single Shikhara.
In Nagara Style, there are multiple towers In Dravidian Style, it is always a single tower.

When and where did the Shikhar style of architecture develop?

In Nepal, this type of architecture was popular during the 17th and 18th century. Krishna Mandir of Patan, built by King Siddhi Narsingh Malla, is a typical example of shikar style.

What are the important features of Nagara style of temple architecture?

Dravida and Nagara architecture

Feature Nagara architecture
Main temple spire (tower) Sikhara above sanctum
Mandapa spire (tower) Yes
Curvature of the spire Curvilinear centred over the sanctum, also straight-edged pyramidal
Sanctum Single or multi-storey

Who introduced Shikhar in Nepal?

Stupa style is supposed to have been introduced in Nepal by Indian King Ashoka in the first century BC. He erected five stupas in Patan, Buddhanath, Swayambhunath and Charumati in Kathmandu.

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What are the different styles of temple architecture in India?

Dravidian (South Indian) Hindu Temple Architecture. Of the different styles of temple architecture in India, the Nagara architecture of northern India and the Dravidian architecture of southern India are most common. Other styles are also found.

What is the significance of architectural elements in a Hindu temple?

The form and meanings of architectural elements in a Hindu temple are designed to function as the place where it is the link between man and the divine, to help his progress to spiritual knowledge and truth, his liberation it calls moksha. The architectural principles of Hindu temples in India are described in Shilpa Shastras and Vastu Sastras.

What is the most sacred geometric grid in Hindu temples?

The 9 pada design has a sacred surrounded centre, and is the template for the smallest temple. Older Hindu temple vastumandalas may use the 9 through 49 pada series, but 64 is considered the most sacred geometric grid in Hindu temples. It is also called Manduka, Bhekapada or Ajira in various ancient Sanskrit texts.

What is the largest rock-cut Hindu temple in India?

Kailasa temple, Ellora, the largest rock-cut Hindu temple. There are hardly any remains of Hindu temples before the Gupta dynasty in the 4th century CE; no doubt there were earlier structures in timber-based architecture.