What year is Amendment 97?

What year is Amendment 97?

and commencement THE CONSTITUTION (NINETY SEVENTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2011 [12th January, 2012.] An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.

Which of the following parts of the Indian constitution contains explicit provision for the cooperative societies?

Constitutional Provisions Article 43-B provides for the promotion of co-operative societies (DPSP) and states that the State shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies.

Which is the most important amendment in Indian Constitution?

Most Important Amendments of the Indian Constitution

  • 1st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1951.
  • 15th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1963.
  • 21st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1967.
  • 24th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1971.
  • 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976.
  • 44th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1978.
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What is Cooperative Society in Constitution of India?

Cooperative societies as a subject matter belongs wholly and exclusively to the State legislatures to legislate upon, whereas multi-State cooperative societies i.e., cooperative societies having objects not confined to one State alone, is exclusively within the ken of Parliament. “

What is 97th amendment Indian Constitution?

The 97th constitutional amendment, which dealt with issues related to effective management of co-operative societies in the country, was passed by Parliament in December 2011 and had come into effect from February 15, 2012.

What are the reasons for the 97th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2011?

Why in News It gave a major boost for federalism as the 97th Amendment shrank the exclusive authority of States over its co-operative societies, a sector considered as a massive contributor to the economy.

What are the major provisions of 1912 Act?

(1) The transfer or charge of the share or interest of a member in the capital of a registered society, shall be subject to such conditions as to maximum holding as may be prescribed by this Act or by the rules. (b) the transfer or charge is made to the society or to a member of the society.

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What is Article 43 A?

Article 43A Participation of workers in management of industries – Constitution Of India. The State shall take steps, by suitable legislation or in any other way, to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishments or other organisations engaged in any industry.]

How many amendments are there in India?

105 amendments
As of October 2021, there have been 105 amendments of the Constitution of India since it was first enacted in 1950.

How many sections are there in Indian Constitution?

22 parts
Constitution of India contains 395 articles in 22 parts. Additional articles and parts are inserted later through various amendments.

What is part 9b of Indian Constitution?

PART IX B OF CONSTITUTION The amendment introduced Part IX B of the Constitution, defining powers of the state legislature and the Centre to regulate incorporation, elections and governing of these cooperative societies. For multi-state cooperatives and Union Territories, Parliament has the power to issue regulations.

How many amendments are there in Indian Constitution?

As of October 2021, there have been 105 amendments of the Constitution of India since it was first enacted in 1950. There are three types of amendments to the Constitution of India of which second and third type of amendments are governed by Article 368.

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What is the 97th amendment to the Constitution?

The 97th amendment to the Constitution inserts a critical point into Article 19 (1) (c) by recognising the right of the people to form cooperative societies as a fundamental right. It envisages their insulation from political interference, and infusion of greater managerial skills and autonomy into their functioning.

Does the 97th Amendment require ratification by at least one-half of state legislatures?

It held that the 97th Constitutional Amendment required ratification by at least one-half of the state legislatures as per Article 368 (2) of the Constitution, since it dealt with an entry which was an exclusive state subject (co-operative societies).

Will part IX B of the 97th amendment survive?

Since such ratification was not done in the case of the 97th Constitutional amendment, it was liable to be struck down. There was a split in the bench on the point whether Part IX B will survive with respect to multi-state co-operative societies.

What is the Constitution (Ninety Seventh Amendment) Act relating to co-operatives?

The Constitution (Ninety Seventh Amendment) Act 2011 relating to the co-operatives is aimed to encourage economic activities of cooperatives which in turn help progress of rural India.