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What calculations can quantum computers do?

What calculations can quantum computers do?

Quantum computers perform calculations based on the probability of an object’s state before it is measured – instead of just 1s or 0s – which means they have the potential to process exponentially more data compared to classical computers. A single state – such as on or off, up or down, 1 or 0 – is called a bit.

Can everything in the universe be predicted?

Fundamental limits on the smallest possible lengths of time and space mean that some events obeying basic laws of physics can never be predicted, it now seems, even with the most powerful computer simulations.

Can a quantum computer solve the forrelation problem?

Avishay Tal, a theoretical computer scientist at Stanford University, used oracle separation to distinguish BQP from PH. The new paper by Raz and Tal proves that a quantum computer needs far fewer hints than a classical computer to solve the forrelation problem.

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What is BQP in quantum computing?

They defined this class to contain all the decision problems — problems with a yes or no answer — that quantum computers can solve efficiently. Around the same time they also proved that quantum computers can solve all the problems that classical computers can solve. That is, BQP contains all the problems that are in P. 1.

Are quantum computers really better than classical computers?

Twenty-five years later, it’s been all but solved. In a paper posted online at the end of May, computer scientists Ran Raz and Avishay Tal provide strong evidence that quantum computers possess a computing capacity beyond anything classical computers could ever achieve.

How many hints does a quantum computer need to solve pH?

In fact, a quantum computer needs just one hint, while even with unlimited hints, there’s no algorithm in PH that can solve the problem. “This means there is a very efficient quantum algorithm that solves that problem,” said Raz.